A photo of Jinghai district
Jinghai district is a subordinate district of Tianjin, situated in the southwest of Tianjin. It is adjacent to Binhai New Area to the east, faces Xiqing district across the Duliu River to the northeast. Jinghai is connected to Bazhou city to the northwest, and borders Wen'an county to the west. It is adjacent to Dacheng county to the southwest, connected to Huanghua city to the southeast, and borders with Qing county to the south. The total area is 1,475.68 square kilometers. As of October 2021, Jinghai had a resident population of 818,100 and a registered population of 622,400.
As of October 2021, Jinghai has 2 streets (Chaoyang Street and Huakang Street), 16 towns (Jinghai, Daqiuzhuang, Chenguantun, Dafengdui, Liangtou, Xizhaizhuang, Ziya, Caigongzhuang, Shuangtang, Wangkou, Yanzhuang, Zhongwng, Tanguantun, Duliu, Tuanbo, and Taitou) and 2 townships (Yang Cheng Zhuang and Liang Wang Zhuang). The government of Jinghai District is located at No. 99 Yingbin Avenue, Jinghai Town.
Jinghai has a temperate, monsoon climate, and distinct seasons. The landform belongs to the alluvial plain area in the south-central part of Tianjin. Jinghai is situated at the lower reaches of the Haihe River basin, has numerous river channels and is known as the "lower reaches of nine rivers". The South Canal, Ziya River, Daqing River, Heilonggang River, Ma Changjian River and Duliujian River run through the area. The Tuanbo Lake Reservoir is one of two "North-South Ecology" natural reserves in Tianjin, with a water capacity of 180 million cubic meters and a geothermal storage capacity of 8.4 billion cubic meters.
The mineral resources discovered in Jinghai mainly include coal, coal gas, petroleum, natural gas, and underground hot water. Coal-bearing strata of the Carboniferous and Permian systems are widely distributed in the area, with abundant potential reserves. In the southeastern part of the area, including Zhongwang, Dazhuangzi, Dahaozhuang and Caigongzhuang townships, there are thick layers of Tertiary oil and gas shale formations, which are currently exploration and development areas of the Dagang Oilfield.
In 1995, the total land area of Jinghai was 148,025.41 hectares, including 84,480.33 hectares of arable land, 1,958.53 hectares of orchards, 501.73 hectares of forest land, 124.47 hectares of pastureland, 16,746.13 hectares of residential and independent industrial and mining land, 4,764 hectares of transportation land, 34,188.73 hectares of water area, and 5,261.47 hectares of unused land.
The total surface water resources in Jinghai averages 22.58 billion cubic meters annually, accounting for one-fifteenth of the total amount in the city. Among them, the self-produced water volume is 177.43 million cubic meters and the foreign water volume is 48.37 million cubic meters. In 2008, the per capita water resources occupancy was 378 cubic meters, making it a severely water-deficient area. The exploitable amount of groundwater in Jinghai is 82.14 million cubic meters, including 36.31 million cubic meters of deep water and 45.83 million cubic meters of shallow water.
In 2020, the number of urban enterprise employees who paid into the pension insurance was 111,900, and the number of government and public institution employees who paid into it was 16,700. The number of urban and rural residents who paid into the pension insurance was 120,500, an increase of 4,369 people. The number of urban employees who paid into basic medical insurance was 123,200, an increase of 7,876 people, and the number of urban and rural residents who paid into basic medical insurance was 460,100, an increase of 1,567 people. The number of people who paid into unemployment insurance was 105,900, an increase of 8,207 people, and the number of people who paid into work-related injury insurance was 108,500, an increase of 8,127 people. The number of people who paid into maternity insurance was 107,300, an increase of 4,477 people.
Medical and health care
As of the end of 2020, there were a total of 5,138 medical and health care institutions in Jinghai. At the end of the year, there were 3 district-level hospitals, 19 township health centers, and 16 private hospitals. There were 3,391 health technicians, including 1,578 practicing physicians and assistant physicians, an increase of 3 people from the previous year, and 1,077 registered nurses, an increase of 26 people. At the end of the year, there were 2,036 beds in medical and health care institutions, an increase of 84 from the previous year. There were 353 village health care institutions, 886 village doctors, and 164 practicing and assistant physicians.
In 2020, Jinghai held 7 large-scale literary and artistic performances, and had 2 public libraries (including children's libraries), 383 rural libraries, and a collection of 1.31 million books (including electronic books). There was 1 cultural center, 19 cultural stations in townships (streets), and 1 museum across all townships (streets). There was also 1 calligraphy and painting academy, with 35 calligraphy and painting works winning awards in city-level competitions. There was 1 radio and television station, and the actual number of digital TV users was 131,800 households. At the end of the year, the comprehensive population coverage of television programs was 100%, and 2,495 hours of television programs were produced.
Science and technology
In 2020, Jinghai implemented 68 national, municipal, and county-level science and technology projects. The number of patent applications was 5,209, an increase of 1.0% from the previous year. The number of patent authorizations was 4,162, an increase of 54.8%, including 30 invention patents. At the end of the year, there were 5 municipal key laboratories, 1 productivity promotion center in the park, and 5 municipal engineering technology centers. There were 44 newly added national high-tech enterprises, and there were 273 national high-tech enterprises. There were also 20 newly added gazelle enterprises and 59 newly added eagle enterprises. In 2020, the total research and development expenses of industrial enterprises above a certain scale in Jinghai hit 1.59 billion yuan, and 19 national or industry standards were formed. The sales revenue of new products was 23.22 billion yuan, and 31 scientific and technological papers were published.
In 2020, Jinghai enrolled 10,048 students in higher education institutions, had 35,375 students enrolled, and graduated 7,764 students. For secondary vocational schools, the district enrolled 751 students, bringing the total of enrolled students to 2,569 students, and seeing 920 students graduate. For regular high schools, 4,607 students were enrolled, 12,187 were in attendance, and 4,034 graduated. For junior high schools, 10,058 students were enrolled, 28,690 were in attendance, and 8,924 graduated. For elementary schools, 8,620 students were enrolled, 57,166 were in attendance, and 10,192 graduated. For special education, which includes "integrated classes" of students enrolled in regular compulsory education schools, 43 students were enrolled, 405 were in attendance, and 84 graduated. In preschool education, there were 20,944 children enrolled in kindergartens, including 20,841 in regular kindergartens and 103 in preschool classes affiliated with elementary schools.